Knee Ligaments

The knee is an important part of body relating to movement, and the knee ligaments assist the knee in proper movement. Without knee ligaments, movement with your knee would not be possible. Having smooth leg movement is something we should all strive for, and there are many parts of a knee which enables a smooth and proper movement. The knee ligament is one of these important parts and it consists of four different ligaments which surround the knee hinge joint, which exists between the tibia and femur bones.

The four ligaments surround the knee hinge joint for the purpose of making movement possible. These ligaments are known as PCL, MCL, ACL and LCL. These ligaments are very sensitive and there are many documented cases that have been observed in which these ligaments are damaged and recovery gets very difficult. The importance of these ligaments cannot be undermined and once they get damaged they can make you end up in a bed or a wheelchair. Chances of the ligaments getting damaged depend on the type of activates or sports you play, such as any high impact sport etc. Accidents or falls can also lead up to these ligaments getting damaged so you should take precaution to protect your knee joint with awareness and proper protective equipment.

Once you have detected pain in the knee or a hindrance in movement, get your knee checked immediately by a doctor because your ligaments can be damaged or injured. Knee ligaments have a very important role and they never heal without taking the specific medication, rest, or without fulfilling medical requirements.

The medical collateral ligament or MCL is a ligament which stops knees from caving inwards. This is a very important function and damaged ligament can lead severe out comes. The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is also a very vital ligament as it stops the shin bone from slipping or sliding out from the back of the thigh bone. Injury in this ligament can be very painful and serious. The lateral collateral ligament, also known as LCL, keeps the knee in place by prohibiting the knee from falling outwards. The posterior cruciate ligament, mainly referred as PCL, helps the ACL and it performs a similar function. Many people live with a broken knee ligament and it gets painful when high impact sports are played or vigorous knee involving exercises are done. These ligaments have very important role and if they are damaged or injured the human body will need to heal them to restore proper pain free knee movement.

The knee ligaments can be damaged by several factors, and when injured you can sometimes hear a popping or snapping sound with excruciating pain in the specific area. Judging from the severity of the injury a person can have immediate swelling, although it usually wears off quickly except around the root of the injury. Knee swelling can also be sign of more severe injuries such as bone fractures, but if you hear a popping noise it is most likely a knee ligament injury. People playing intense sports such as rugby or football mainly face this type of injury and they should get it checked by a good doctor who can prescribe good medication, as well recommend measures to further prevent any kind of damage to the knee ligament.

If an individual with a knee injury in the ligament still wants to participate in a rough sport they should be immediately stopped as the injury can worsen, and this can lead to more structural problems throughout the body. To reduce the pain and immediate swelling, you should relax, place ice over the affected area, compress the wound, and lastly elevate it. This will not completely heal the wounded area or injury but it will greatly reduce the pain and swelling. As soon as this is done, proper medical attention should be given. An MRI scan should be done before making a proper diagnosis and once this is done the correct treatment should be given.  For young athletes, surgery is a very rare case majorly because of the fast recovering and healing process in body. Many exercises can be suggested to strengthen the surrounding muscles and ligaments, and this can most often remove the chances of a full surgery, even if in the future a similar injury occurs again.

There are different kinds of knee ligament damages and they can be classified into three grades. As the grade number increases, the severity of knee pain increases. The type of knee ligament damaged does not matter in these grades. Obviously, signs and symptoms would differ for each ligament injury but what remains same is the severity of injury. In grade one very mild and little injury occurs. No ligament is torn and less pain is experienced. By delaying the checkup, the injury might get more complicated and this can eventually lead to severe injury or chances of a severe injury.

In grade one; ligaments are stretched to a certain extent causing a painful throb in the knee. This is not a very serious problem and it can be dealt with easily by a doctor if contacted on time. In grade two; a ligament can be partially or virtually torn. It can be also be seen clearly by the severity of swelling at a particular area where the injured ligament is present. The pain is experienced through a wide range of movements and a person will feel hindrance in walking properly as the pain worsens with each movement. A doctor should be immediately contacted and the particular ligament should be treated with medication. The pain experienced here is more severe than the pain experienced in grade one.

In grade three; the pain is severest. A person cannot move properly and pain is experienced as weight being exerted onto the particular ligament. The pain can be excruciating and unbearable as the whole of the ligament is torn. Swelling can be witnessed and internal bleeding can also occur. Grade three is the worst, and the appropriate medication should be prescribed once diagnosed by doctors.

The knee ligaments are a integral part of knee and they perform various functions which make our movements possible, easy and smooth. Only a single ligament injury can be very painful and can make the movement impossible. Once detected, doctor’s instructions should be followed to recover the injury. To avoid such injuries, precautionary measures should be taken such as avoiding intense sports like rugby and football, and if this is not possible then proper protection should always be worn. Knee ligaments are very delicate and proper care should be taken in order to have a better and healthier life with smooth pain free knee movement.